Working during your studies
Many Tier 4 (General) students can undertake some work in the UK during their studies. Tier 4 (Child) students who are aged 16 or older can work up to 10 hours a week. Younger students are not allowed to work.
Working and your visa
You should check your passport sticker (entry clearance or residence permit) or biometric residence permit (identity card) to understand your working restrictions. You are permitted to work in the UK if either your passport sticker or identity card state one of the following:
- Work (and any changes) must be authorised
- Able to work as authorised by the Secretary of State
- Work as in Tier 4 rules
- Restricted work (part-time term time, full-time vacations)
- Restricted work (term-time)
- Work limited to a maximum 20 hours per week during term-time
- Work limited to a maximum 10 hours per week during term-time.
Your passport sticker or identity card might say something a bit different from these examples, but you can work if it does not say:
- No work, or
- Work prohibited.
If your passport sticker or identity card says 'No work' or 'Work prohibited' you must not work because this would be a breach of your immigration conditions and a criminal offence. The Home Office can check whether someone has been working by making unannounced visits to employers and by obtaining information from the tax department, HMRC.
Please note: students studying at the UWE Bristol International College are not permitted to undertake any work. This is part of the contractual agreement between you and the college. Your passport sticker or identity card may state that you are allowed to work but you must not do so, this includes voluntary work.
If you are in the UK as a student visitor, your passport sticker or the stamp in your passport will say 'No work' or 'Work prohibited'. This means that you are not allowed to:
- take paid employment
- take unpaid employment
- do a work placement, even if it is part of your course.
If you want to be able to work, you must check that you meet all the requirements of the Tier 4 student Immigration Rules. If you do meet these requirements and you want to apply as a student, you must return to the country where you usually live and make an entry clearance application there.
Other types of immigration permission
If you are in the UK with some other immigration status, check what your passport sticker or any other documents issued by the Home Office say about employment. You can usually work without restriction if the only condition in your passport is 'no recourse to public funds'. If it says 'no employment as a doctor in training', you can do any kind of work except employment as a doctor in training, which would usually be on the Foundation Programme.
What kind of work can you do?
You can do most kinds of work, but you must not:
- be self-employed
- be employed as a professional sportsperson including as a sports coach
- be employed as an entertainer
- take a permanent full-time job
- work as a doctor or dentist in training, unless you are on the Foundation Programme.
If your employer is outside the UK, your hours of work undertaken in the UK still count towards your limit of 10 or 20 hours a week in term-time.
You might need to decide whether your sports activities are professional or amateur. The Immigration Rules define an 'amateur' as 'a person who engages in a sport or creative activity solely for personal enjoyment and who is not seeking to derive a living from the activity'. If you meet this definition, your sports activities are not 'professional' and so you can pursue them with Tier 4 immigration permission.
You might want to be a volunteer. There is a difference between unpaid employment (voluntary work) and volunteering, and you should always check with the organisation which offers you a volunteering opportunity whether it can be regarded as unpaid employment. This is because time you spend doing unpaid employment counts towards your maximum number of hours of work a week.
If you are subject to a work prohibition, perhaps because you are studying at the UWE Bristol International College or have student visitor leave, you should be very careful not to undertake any activities that could be regarded as unpaid employment because this would be a breach of your work conditions.
How many hours a week can I work?
The maximum hours you can work during term-time are normally printed on your visa sticker or Biometric Residence Permit (BRP), and will depend mainly on when you made your most recent immigration application. If you are not sure how many hours per week you are allowed to work please ask a UWE Bristol Immigration Adviser.
Working during term-time
As a student at UWE Bristol you can work a maximum of:
- 20 hours a week if you are studying at degree level or above (this includes Undergraduate, Masters and PhD courses)
- 20 hours a week if you are on a study abroad programme at UWE Bristol
- 10 hours per week if you are studying a course below degree level at UWE Bristol
- 10 hours per week if you have immigration permission as a Tier 4 (Child).
If you have permission to work, you should not work more than the maximum number of hours (20 or 10) in any one week in term-time, even if you sometimes work under the maximum number of hours a week in other weeks.
A 'week' in this context is any rolling seven day period. This means that a 'week' does not run from Monday to Sunday, or between any other specific days. It might also be different from the definition of 'week' used by your employer for wages or shift schedules. Instead, you must check that in any one 7-day period you do not exceed your permitted hours of work. If you work irregular hours and/or have more than one employer, you will need to keep detailed records of how many hours you work each day so that you can be sure that you are not in danger of breaching your work condition.
If you have permission to work, you can work full-time before your course starts and after your course has ended. If you are a full-time student, you may find your studies suffer if you work more than 16 hours a week.
Regardless of the endorsement on your visa, not all students are
allowed to work full time during UWE Bristol vacations (see
UWE Bristol's term-time and vacation
dates). If you are a postgraduate student, please view
the ‘Postgraduate and
Research Students’ section below.
If you should be doing academic study during this time, you should limit your employment to 20 (or 10) hours per week. Academic study includes:
- attending classes and lectures
- preparing for exams
- doing coursework
- writing essays, a dissertation or thesis.
Therefore, your entitlement to work during vacations may depend on the type of course you are doing. For example, if you are supposed to research and write a dissertation or thesis while other students are on holiday, this is term-time for you and you should restrict your work to 20 (or 10) hours a week during this time.
Employers have a legal obligation to check your term dates before you can start work. You must provide your employer with one of the following:
- a printout from your institution's website showing the term and vacation dates for your course
- a copy email or letter from your institution to you confirming your term and vacation dates or
- a letter from your institution to your employer confirming these dates.
Postgraduate and research students
As a postgraduate taught or postgraduate research student you
must work only restricted hours until the successful completion of
For most postgraduate students this means you can work no more than 20 hours per week – even during UWE Bristol vacations – until you have submitted your final piece of work (typically your dissertation or thesis).
If in doubt, speak to an immigration adviser or email email@example.com.
Working if you leave your course early
You should not work at all if you leave your course or take a break from it before you have completed it. This is because your permission to work depends on your following a course of study that has work rights attached to it.