Graduate School Handbook Part 8 - Supervisory teams and the supervision process
Information about postgraduate research degree supervision.
This part of the handbook includes regulations, information and guidance about all aspects of the supervisory team and the supervision process including: the initial appointment, roles and responsibilities, and any proposed changes to supervision arrangements.
Regulations about the supervisory team and the supervision process
PGR8.1 The supervisory team
PGR8.1.1R Faculty Research Degree Committees (FRDCs) will appoint at least two supervisors, including one Director of Studies (DoS), based upon their collective experience and knowledge of the research area.
- The Director of Studies will be a permanent member of UWE Bristol staff and is responsible for the conduct and governance of the project (see also Part 10 of these regulations Research Governance);
- At least one member of UWE Bristol academic staff on the supervisory team will have previous experience of successful supervision at all stages through to completion at the appropriate level, either at UWE Bristol or at another UK University;
- Where this completion is with another UK University they will also have completed the UWE Bristol supervisor training prior to the appointment of the supervisory team (RD1 approval). This individual will advise the Director of Studies should they not have this experience.
PGR8.1.3R All newly appointed Directors of Studies and Directors of Studies who are new to UWE Bristol must undertake in full the supervisory training specified by the Graduate School within 12 months of their appointment as a UWE Bristol DoS. Failure to comply with this requirement without good reason will prevent the member of staff being allocated any further Director of Studies appointments until the training is completed.
PGR8.1.4R Any changes to the supervisory team are subject to the consideration and approval of the FRDC.
PGR8.2 The supervision process
PGR8.2.1R The supervisory team is responsible for meeting with the candidate regularly, discussing progress made and agreeing any actions and objectives.
PGR8.2.2R The supervisory team may raise concerns at any time with the Faculty Research Degrees Committee about progress being made by the candidate, which may result in further action being taken.
PGR8.2.3R The FRDC will monitor supervisory arrangements through data about progress and completion rates, progression and review reports, and feedback from PGRs.
Procedures for the supervision of postgraduate research
These procedures set out the responsibilities of the supervisory team and the supervision process as a whole. Additional information about supervisory teams can also be found in the Postgraduate Research Degree Programmes Code of Practice and on the Graduate School’s supervisor information.
PGR8.3 Responsibilities of the Director of Studies
- The Director of Studies is the designated project manager for the PGR’s research project (see also part 10 of the handbook Research Governance);
- Is familiar with the University’s current academic regulations, procedures and policies for PGRs;
- To undertake appropriate supervisory training where required to do so by the FRDC;
- To ensure the supervisory team is fully aware of their roles and responsibilities, including their individual obligations to the PGR, at each progression milestone;
- To meet with the PGR on a regular basis and to note and maintain a record of these meetings*. The minimum expectation is ten meetings during the academic year for full-time PGRs and pro-rata for part-time PGRs;
- To provide guidance on the design and possible methodological frameworks of the project; supporting the PGR in developing the timescale/plan of work for their research and regularly reviewing it;
- To ensure that the PGR is aware of their progression milestones, what is expected of them at each stage and when they will take place;
- With the independent reviewer, to undertake progress review meetings with the PGR at the end of stages 2 and 3;
- To ensure the PGR is aware of the requirement to re-register for their research degree each year, and understands that they may be withdrawn from their research degree if they fail to do so;
- To ensure the PGR is familiar with research governance and research ethics requirements for their project and completes any necessary application for ethical approval before research begins;
- To ensure the PGR is familiar with the requirements concerning Intellectual Property (IP) and third party copyright;
- To undertake appropriate health and safety policy training with the PGR in their first two weeks;
- To encourage the PGR to network, attend seminars and conferences within UWE Bristol and externally, and to present their work to others;
- To encourage the PGR in early and continued writing, provide guidance on the development of an academic writing style and the use of appropriate referencing systems expected for the discipline;
- To provide guidance on the structure of the thesis and to read and provide comments on it prior to submission;
- To carry out the correct and timely administrative procedures for changes in registration, for the appointment of examiners and for all procedures relating to the viva;
- To ensure that the PGR is aware of other sources of help and support within UWE Bristol eg Health and Wellbeing service. To raise any issues of concern about the PGR's progress, performance, health and wellbeing with the Graduate School, the FRDC or other UWE Bristol specialist services eg Health and Wellbeing Service;
- To inform the PGR when supervisors will be away for a period of time eg. on annual leave, when they will be back, and who to consult for advice while they are away.
*specific requirements for international PGRs who are subject to Tier 4 visa requirements can be found in the PR-A and RD2A forms.
Additional information and guidance about research governance, ethics and good research conduct may be found on the University’s Research Governance webpages.
PGR8.4 Responsibilities of the supervisory team as a whole
- To have an appropriate knowledge of the PGR’s research area within their collective expertise;
- To meet with the PGR on a regular basis, and on a minimum of three occasions as a full team during the course of the academic year;
- To provide reports and submit feedback on the PGR’s academic performance at progression milestones, and by the deadlines indicated by the Graduate School;
- To raise any issues around the PGR's progress, performance or wellbeing and escalate these to the FRDC where there are serious concerns;
- To undertake appropriate supervisory training as required by the FRDC.
PGR8.5 Responsibilities of the Postgraduate Researcher (PGR)
- To attend meetings with the Director of Studies and supervisory team;
- To note and maintain their own record of supervisory meetings, including any actions for completion before the next meeting;
- To raise any concerns regarding the supervisory process.
PGRs can also provide feedback about their experience of supervision after each progress milestone by completing the Graduate School feedback questionnaire, and about their PGR experience at UWE Bristol more generally via the annual Postgraduate Research Student Experience Survey (PRES).
PGR8.6 Responsibilities of the FRDC
- To consider, approve, monitor and review the supervisory team
NB. The FRDC will not normally appoint a supervisor who is undertaking a research degree at UWE Bristol themselves. However, this is permitted exceptionally at the discretion of the Committee;
- To provide advice to the supervisory team where concerns have been raised about the PGR’s suitability or performance within their research degree;
- To consider and approve any proposed change to a member(s) of the supervisory team;
- To recommend alternative supervisory arrangements where a PGR’s or supervisor’s performance is unsatisfactory, or in other circumstances listed at PGR8.7.1 below;
- To ensure that members of the supervisory team are not overloaded.
N.B. Individual members of staff are normally expected to act as DoS for no more than six PGRs at any one time. This is to ensure that each PGR has adequate access to supervisory support, and to avoid excessive staff workload. The normal expected maximum for Professional Doctorate directors of Studies may be greater than six.
FRDCs may vary this expectation where a strong case can be made on an individual basis. For example, where a DoS has one or more PGRs who are expected to complete within a few months, or where they have capacity, within their existing WLB allocation.
PGR8.7 Changes to the supervisory team
PGR8.7.1 Any proposed changes to the supervisory team must be approved by the FRDC. It is appropriate to make a change to the supervisory team in the following circumstances:
- The Director of Studies or supervisor leaves the University;
- The research project changes to the extent that the supervisory team no longer has the expertise to support the PGR effectively;
- The Director of Studies is absent from the University for a period of more than 6 weeks outside normal holiday expectations;
- The supervisory team consistently fails to provide appropriate and timely advice to the PGR;
- A member of the supervisory team frequently misses meetings with the PGR and fails to improve their attendance;
- The relationship between the supervisor(s) and PGR is not working, and informal steps to improve the relationship have not been successful, ie the PGR/supervisory relationship has irrevocably broken down.
PGR8.7.2 Any other factors requiring a change to the supervisory team may be considered at the discretion of FRDC and the Associate Dean (Research) of the Faculty.
PGR8.8 The supervision process
PGR8.8.1 Meetings should be arranged by the Director of Studies, supervisors and the PGR at a convenient time for everyone. This can include meetings by video-conference, Skype, Facetime or other mutually agreed electronic means. It can also include discussion via email or telephone where no other form of contact is possible, but should not be exclusively via these means.
PGR8.8.2 During supervisory meetings, discussion should normally include:
- Progress the PGR has made since the last meeting;
- Review of the project plan, recording completed tasks and agreeing new actions;
- A review of any publications or plans to publish;
- A review of the PGR’s professional development needs and training opportunities;
- Any health, wellbeing or other issues that the PGR wishes to raise.
PGR8.8.3 PGRs and supervisors can seek independent advice at any point during the PGR’s research degree registration from the Associate Head of Department (Research) where appropriate, the FRDC Chair, the Graduate School or other University specialist services such as the Wellbeing Service or the Disability Service.
Further information and guidance for PGRs
Can I change my supervisor(s)?
- Possibly. If you feel that you are not getting the appropriate support from your supervisor(s) you can request a change to your supervisory team. You should discuss this with your Director of Studies (DoS) in the first instance. Any proposed new supervisor must have relevant supervisory experience and/or subject knowledge of in your research area to ensure that the team continues to meet the criteria specified at PGR8.1;
- If you feel unable to consult your DoS you can also seek independent, confidential advice from the Graduate School, the Associate Head of Department (Research) if appropriate, or from the Chair of the FRDC;
- Changes to the supervisory team must be approved by the FRDC.
I’ve not seen one of my supervisors for a long time. What should I do?
Can I choose a new/additional supervisor myself?
- If you are aware of suitable expertise within the University and this individual provides expertise not already within your current supervisory team you should discuss the possibility of adding them to the supervisory team with your DoS in the first instance;
- The normal maximum number of supervisors on a team is three including the DoS;
- Appointment of additional supervisors is subject to the approval of the FRDC.
Can I have an external supervisor?
Two (or more) of my supervisors are giving me different advice. What should I do?
- Where members of the team give conflicting advice to the PGR steps should be taken by the Director of Studies to address the issue and come to a mutual agreement;
- The PGR may also choose to seek independent advice from the Graduate School;
- Where matters have not been resolved through initial discussions the FRDC can provide guidance to the supervisory team and the PGR on how to proceed.
Further information and guidance for supervisors
I am concerned that the PGR is struggling. What should I do?
- In the first instance you should always make your PGR aware of your concerns and discuss how these might be addressed. This discussion should aim to be supportive, with a view to agreeing objectives or an action plan that will get the PGR’s work back on track. It should be held confidentially, not in an open office.
- You should also discuss your concerns with the other members of the supervisory team, to share and discuss options to help improve the PGR's performance. Any DoS or supervisor who has concerns that the PGR they supervise is not making satisfactory progress in the research, or may be at risk of missing or failing a progression milestone, can also contact the Graduate School for confidential advice.
- Supervisors should consider that the PGR might be going through personal difficulties or significantly disruptive matters outside of their control, which have affected their ability to make progress with their research. It may be appropriate in such cases for the PGR to request an extension for their next progress milestone deadline, or suspend their studies if their circumstances mean that they are unable to work at all. Part 7 ‘Help and Support’ of the Graduate School Handbook provides more guidance and information about what to do in these circumstances.
- If, having considered the above, the situation does not improve, please raise your concerns with the Associate Head of Department (Research) or the FRDC Chair.
The PGR is consistently failing to turn up to supervision meetings
- We recommend speaking to the PGR about why this is happening, as there may be other factors involved. The Graduate School can also assist by meeting with the PGR to talk through any issues or concerns.
- Supervisors can seek independent advice from the Associate Head of Department (Research) where appropriate, the FRDC Chair, or other University specialist services such as the Wellbeing Service or the Disability Service.
- Further guidance on personal circumstances can be found in Part 7 ‘Help and Support’ of the Graduate School Handbook.
I am no longer able to supervise the PGR. What should I do?
I have a question about the workload bundle allocation for a PGR that I supervise
- Each PGR has an annual WLB allocation attached. Currently, this is 30 WLB for full-time and 20 for part-time PGRs. It is up to the supervisory team to agree how these bundles will be allocated, but this should follow Faculty practice, and normally the DoS will receive the majority, with the remainder being divided between the remaining supervisors, according the level of their involvement (eg 20:10 for a DoS and one supervisor, or 20:5:5 where there are three on the team).
- Contact the relevant Faculty-Facing Graduate School Officer in the first instance, and note that the practice differs across faculties. We may also need to liaise with Planning Partners if the allocation needs changing.
Further information for supervisors can be found on the Graduate School’s supervisor webpages.