Abstract guidance for Arts, Creative Industries and Education (ACE)
Examples of previous abstracts to inspire you to take part in the 2019 UWE Bristol Student Conference – the deadline for submissions is midnight on Friday 25 January 2019.
What to include
An abstract is a short summary of the work you wish to present, and should be a maximum of 250 words. Many of you will be submitting your abstracts when your work is incomplete.
As this is a multi-disciplinary conference, you should aim to write your abstract so it’s accessible for a broad audience. You should:
- make a clear statement of the overall project aim or purpose
- highlight your research approach and methods
- state your findings (or anticipated findings at this point)
- highlight possible conclusions and implications of your research/enquiry/evidence-based practice or service improvement.
Example abstracts from previous years
The examples below demonstrate how students in the past have presented their work, at various stages of completion, in their abstracts.
How do parents influence their bilingual children’s language choices?
Emma-Clare Bennett: Education and Childhood
The purpose of this study is to analyse how parents influence their bilingual children’s language choices. The analysis focuses on an English-French bilingual child’s code-switching, that is the use of two or more languages in a sentence or conversation, and how his parents respond. Transcripts of a child aged two years five months and his parents were extracted from the CHILDES database.
Code-switches were analysed using Poplack’s (1980) categories and parental strategies were analysed using Lanza’s (1992) and Ochs’ (1988) categories. The results show that the child’s code-switches were mainly switches of one to three words, used in arguments to emphasise, protest and attempt to end the argument. The child’s mother generally accepted his code-switches, whereas his father was less tolerant. The child’s father was most successful in encouraging the child to produce monolingual responses when using the Expressed Guess Strategy, whereby he reformulates the child’s utterance into a yes/no question.
The study concludes that parents can influence children’s code-switches, although children may continue to code-switch if it allows them to achieve their conversational aims. This highlights that parents can influence their children’s language, although the effect may be modest and other factors are also likely to be important.
British Home Office immigration policies regarding Jewish refugees to Britain: January 1933 to September 1939
James Weavers: Arts and Cultural Industries
This study examines the discrepancies between British Home Office immigration policy and how it was put into practice on a day-to-day basis. This is in regards to the Jewish refugees that sought asylum to Britain in the period between Hitler’s appointment to German Chancellor in January 1933 and the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939.
The majority of the published historical research in this area over the last 40 years argues that Britain’s claims to be a liberal and tolerant country are not true, and that Britain viewed these refugees not in a humanitarian light, but through economic self-interest. As such, more could have been done to assist those Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. The research of previous historians has focused on Home Office high policy, its evolution throughout the interwar period and the determinants driving this evolution. Research has not been conducted into how these policies were implemented in practice.
Using unpublished archival material that has only been made available to the public in the last couple of years, and framed by further primary research and a wide range of supporting secondary sources, I was able to examine the discrepancies between Home Office high policy and how it was implemented. My research shows that these discrepancies, due to the discretion of individual officials implementing Home Office policy, enabled a large number of Jewish refugees to successfully find permeant refuge in Britain. This original research sheds new light on the subject and provides insight into an immigration system that was flexible and lenient in the context of the period.
With Unicef stating recently that the world faces the largest refugee crisis since the Second World War, the correct interpretation of historical comparisons is essential.
The lie of benevolence: the white-washing of abolition and the de-radicalisation of black history
Tayo Lewin-Turner: Arts and Cultural Industries
Who do we thank for the eventual emancipation of millions of Black Africans? Historians, scholars and teachers have been obstinately waving the flag for British politicians and activists for years. Whether it is Wilberforce, Clarkson or Granville Sharpe, there is often a glaring omission in any discussion of abolition; the enslaved people themselves.
The narrative we have been sold is one of a linear timeline of progression, where Britain, soon followed by other European nations, finally did the right thing. This is a narrative where the poor African 'slave' had capitulated to his or her destiny of enslavement until a generous, caring white man saved them from their destitute existence; one where the former enslaved is forever beholden to the charitable European. However, this is not the case.
Enslaved Africans had been fighting for abolition from the inception of the Transatlantic slave trade. Hundreds of 'slave' uprisings and rebellions took place in the Caribbean, yet they are often disregarded or downplayed by mainstream historians and educators. These rebellions, one by one, broke the back of the slave trade until abolition was Europe’s only option; there is no better example of this than the Haitian Revolution.
Using both primary and secondary data sources, I aim to provide the basis for a change in the narrative of abolition. As well as demythologising the idea of eventual benevolence on behalf of Europeans, I will shed light on the unsung heroes of abolition, whose names are seldom spoken in academic institutes. Conclusively, I am asking: who really freed the 'slaves'?
Creating an AIDS-free future: getting to zero by 2030
Michalis Pantelidi: Art and Design
The aim of this design brief was to raise awareness of the Elton John AIDS Foundation by developing a range of digitally printed jersey and woven garments in collaboration with the Foundation and the British department store, John Lewis. The print artworks, inspired by The Times newspaper layout and typeface, reflect the values, traditions and character of the truly British heritage department store. The monochromatic colour palette enables the message to be conveyed in a direct way, with red emphasising key words.
The non- gendered collection conveys the message that HIV has no gender bias and highlights the story of American teenager Ryan White, who was refused entry to school following an HIV diagnosis. The final designs are presented on a series of large format sheets that echo the pages of a newspaper. They were shortlisted for industry feedback.