Open research Glossary

A glossary of open-access research terms.

Article Processing Charge (APC)

The fee paid to a journal to make a research output open access via the publisher's website.

Creative Commons License

A series of licenses that can be applied to outputs, setting out varying permissions for use and all requiring attribution to the original creator. Often applied to outputs published open access via the gold route.

Research Data Management Plan (RDMP)

A Research Data Management Plan (RDMP) is a document drawn up at the start of the research process. It outlines how all research data will be generated or collected, managed, stored and preserved, shared, or disposed of.


The time that must pass prior to making published content available in a repository. Can be up to two years after publication.


A set of guiding principles to make research data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Re-usable. More information about the FAIR principles is available on the go-fair website.

Gold Route

Making a research output immediately open access via the publisher's website, usually involving a fee.

Green Route

Making the accepted manuscript of a research output open access via a repository, often after a specified embargo period.


A journal which requires subscription but also publishes open access articles when an APC is paid.


Information used to describe data.

Open Access (OA)

The online, free availability of research outputs without the restricutions on use commonly imposed by publisher copyright agreements.

Open Research Data

Data that is freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright but normally under a licence.

Project Information and Management System (PIMS)

A research information system that records the full lifecycle of a researcher's work, from the initial bidding stage through to final publication.

Raw Data

Un-analysed, original data which may contain personal data of subjects.

Research Data

Research data can be in any form, e.g. electronic or hard copy, video, audio, artefacts, machine readouts. The exact definition of what is considered to be research data varies by discipline.

Research Dataset

A research dataset is produced and analysed as part of a research project.

Research Data Management (RDM)

The practice of ensuring research data is well managed during and after the lifecycle of a project.

Research Data Repository

A digital repository of research datasets to allow discovery, preservation, and re-use.

Research Output

A research output is a product of a research project and can appear in a variety of mediums including (but not limited to) a publication such as a journal paper, physical artefact, exhibition, or performance. It will most likely have a deposited record in UWE Bristol's Research Repository and/or may be published via publishers in the research domain.

Research Repository

An online database where research outputs are stored, allowing world-wide open access to an institution's research.

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