Open access Glossary

A glossary of open access research terms.

Article Processing Charge (APC)

The fee paid to a journal to make a research output open access via the publisher's website.

Creative Commons License

A series of licenses that can be applied to outputs, setting out varying permissions for use and all requiring attribution to the original creator. Often applied to outputs published open access via the gold route.

Data Management Plan (DMP)

A formal plan detailing how a researcher will manage their data. The aim is to show that they have thought about how to create, store, backup, share, and preserve the data.


The time that must pass prior to making published content available in a repository. Can be up to two years after publication.

Gold Route

Making a research output immediately open access via the publisher's website, usually involving a fee.

Green Route

Making the accepted manuscript of a research output open access via a repository, often after a specified embargo period.


A journal which requires subscription but also publishes open acees articles when an APC is paid.

Open Access (OA)

The online, free availability of research outputs without the restricutions on use commonly imposed by publisher copyright agreements.

Open Data

Data that is freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright.

Project Information and Management System (PIMS)

A research information system that records the full lifecycle of a researcher's work, from the initial bidding stage through to final publication.

Research Data

A general definition is data in any format or medium that relates to or supports research. The exact definition of what is considered to be research data varies by discipline.

Research Data Management (RDM)

The practice of ensuring research data is well managed during adn after the lifecycle of a project. One way to acheive good research data management is by producing a data management plan.

Research Data Repository

A digital repository of research datasets produced during research.

Research Output

The completed piece of research in a readable format, for example a journal article, book chapter, or book.

Research Repository

An online database where research outputs are stored, allowing world-wide open access to an institution's research.

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