Construction and infrastructure
Construction and infrastructure is challenged by increasingly difficult and complex problems in both engineering and management. Researchers at UWE Bristol have skills which can benefit business and the environment.
Deconstruction and Recovery Information Modelling (DRIM) Project
UWE Bristol is leading a pioneering project that could dramatically reduce the amount of demolition rubble going to landfill. Academics and industry partners aim to revolutionise the construction sector by identifying recyclable materials at the design stage which may have previously been scrapped.
Researchers at the Bristol Enterprise Research and Innovation Centre (BERIC) UWE Bristol has turned construction on its head by placing demolition and recycling at the centre of building design. DRIM’s project lead, Professor Lukumon Oyedele, and colleagues, Dr Ismail Adelopo, Dr Vikas Kumar, Dr Ximing Ruan and Dr Bolanle Karimu, will develop a pioneering computer program to identify which materials in new builds will be fit for recycling or reuse when the building is demolished. In terms of innovation, it is one of the few academic projects bringing cutting-edge, emerging technology into construction research, with big data analytics, 4D visualisation and semantic ontology.
Currently, 30% to 40% of landfill comes from construction and demolition waste because so little demolition material is recycled or reused. Professor Oyedele said that, in future, when a building is being designed, the tool will plan the building’s deconstruction 20 to 50 years hence, rather than waiting until such time that the building will be pulled down and the rubble sent to landfill. The aim is bring about policy change so that new building plans must include a deconstruction plan. The plan also means businesses could reduce construction costs by around 10% by recycling old building materials, reduce landfill tax and achieve greater competitive advantage in the sector to create low-waste buildings. The environment will also benefit from reduced landfill gasses and CO2 emissions and thus, support Government industry targets.
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and Innovate UK has funded the two year project with £800,000 (US$1.3 million) and it will start on 1 April 2016.
Big Data: Building Information Modelling (BIM)
Professor Lukumon Oyedele, Professor of Enterprise and Project Management and BERIC Director, will shortly start working on an industry led project, Big Data for Building Information Modelling (BIM).
The main focus of the project is to develop an integrated Big Data-BIM software system or tool that comprises of (a) an Optimised BIM Simulation tool and (b) a 3 Mobile Applications (Apps)
These will be produced using Big Data Analytics, 3D Animation and integrated together using Cloud Computing Technologies. These systems will interface and communicate securely with cloud based applications, internal systems and publicly accessible interfaces.