Doctoral research and current PhD students
We have a number of PhD students who are currently under supervision of our centre members. Find out more about their projects.
An analysis of cross-examination of complainants and defendants within rape trials.Anneleise’s research focuses on the cross-examination of complainants and defendants within rape trials. How complainants are cross-examined is a largely under-researched area, particularly in light of the numerous criminal justice reforms over the last two decades. Moreover, an understanding of how defendants are cross-examined is lacking within the literature.
Through court observations, Anneleise’s research will provide new insights and in-depth understanding of the current cross-examination practices for complainants and defendants. This will take account for question content, style and the implementation of criminal justice reforms including special measures and changes to rape shield laws. Eighteen rape trials were observed and field notes taken, which will be analysed thematically. From the research findings, there is potential to assess whether a balance exists between the interests of complainants and defendants in the context of cross-examination.
Cleverline T. Brown
Towards institutionalising effective compliance and enforcement mechanism of environmental regulations. A case study of the petroleum sector in Nigeria.The discovery of oil in Nigeria brought with it the attendant advantages and disadvantages of exploration and exploitation activities, on the environment, economic and social interests.
The government was compelled, in a race against time and in its bid to curb the damaging effects of the exploitation and exploration of the resource, to adopt strategies, trends and measures to regain balance and in the sector. This research is concerned with institutionalising compliance and enforcement mechanisms of environmental regulations in the Nigerian petroleum sector, drawing best practices from other jurisdictions.
Money laundering through virtual currencies: Analysing the money laundering risks posed by virtual currencies, a case study analysis of the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia.This research analyses the money laundering risks posed by virtual currencies. To do this, virtual currencies will be defined and explained, and their appeal to would-be money launderers will be assessed. The laws of three countries will be analysed, first determining whether money laundering offences may be applied to the use of virtual currencies. The concept of money and property will be explored in each jurisdiction to determine whether an individual may be found guilty of money laundering if they hide their proceeds of crime using virtual currencies.
Secondly, the preventative measures of each jurisdiction will also be analysed; determining the preventative measures apply to businesses using virtual currencies. The aim of the research will be to provide a critique of the current approaches to virtual currencies and suggest reforms.
The three “musketeers” of the overhauled European Banking Union: Do they constitute the responses optimum tool for the management of a future crisis in the financial sector?The aim of the thesis is to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the European Banking Union (“EBU”) three pillars (ie Single Supervisory Mechanism, Single Resolution Mechanism and European Deposit Insurance Scheme) to manage a future financial crisis in the Eurozone and safeguard financial stability.
The thesis will start by analysing the causes of the 2008-09 financial crisis and the legal foundations of the overhauled EU financial regulatory framework, focusing on the EBU pillars. It will then assess whether these responses are efficient and effective to address the real causes of the crisis, and are ‘fit-for-purpose’ to manage a future financial crisis and safeguard financial stability.
To inform this assessment, the thesis will perform a comparative analysis with the equivalent UK and USA frameworks. Based on the research findings, the thesis will then conclude on the research question, suggest improvements to the EBU roadmap and propose direction for further research.