Emergency and critical care

Emergency and critical care research focuses on immediately life-threatening conditions and emergency and urgent care delivered in both community and hospital settings. It also encompasses the early hospital management of critical illness and injury.

Research topics of interest include:

  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Acute cardiovascular assessment and rehabilitation
  • Emergency airway management
  • Pre-hospital care and ambulance design
  • Acute pain management
  • Early diagnosis of urgent and emergency care conditions, particularly sepsis
  • The impact of drugs and alcohol
  • Workforce and service delivery in emergency care
  • Reducing avoidable hospital admissions. 

Current projects

AIRWAYS-2

Cluster randomised trial of the clinical and cost effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation in the initial airway management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

CAP-IT
Efficacy, safety and impact on antimicrobial resistance of duration and dose of amoxicillin treatment for young children with Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP); a randomised controlled trial.  

CEDAR - the children's ear pain study
Children's drops for ear pain in acute otitis media: a randomised controlled trial.

COPD Care Bundles
An evaluation of the effectiveness of ‘care bundles’ as a means of improving hospital care and reducing hospital readmission for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

CRYOSTAT-2
Early Cryoprecipitate in trauma.

EcLiPSE
Emergency Treatment with Levetiracetam or Phenytoin in Status Epilepticus in Children (EcLiPsE); an open label randomised controlled trial.

FiSh
Combined feasibility and external pilot study to inform the design and conduct of the Fluids in Shock trial. 

Frequent Callers
People with dementia who make frequent calls to the ambulance service: what are the call characteristics and how can frequent calls be reduced?

General Practitioners and Emergency Departments (GPED)
Efficient models of care.

HOMEWARD
Home or hospital for people with dementia and one or more other multimorbidities. What is the potential to reduce avoidable emergency admissions?

OHCA Research
Pre-hospital critical care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. 

Quality of life in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

What is the best outcome measure?

Can an innovative educational tool increase confidence and competence in recognising abnormal breathing patterns in cardiac arrest?

Outputs

The group has a record of successful completion of clinically-based and highly applied research, funded principally by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).

Recent outputs have been published in high-quality international journals (eg New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), British Medical Journal (BMJ), Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Trauma, Emergency Medicine Journal, Heart, Resuscitation). 

Emergency and Critical Care Research team

For further information, please contact Professor Jonathan Benger.

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