Selected publications

2013

J. Ahmad, J.Sun, L. Smith, M. Smith. An improved photometric stereo through distance estimation and light vector optimisation from diffused maxima region. Depth Image Analysis special issue of Pattern Recognition Letters, To appear, 2013. © Elsevier

K. Emrith, L. Broadbent, L. N. Smith, M. L. Smith and J. Molleda. Real-time recovery of moving 3D faces for emerging applications. Computers in Industry. To appear, 2013. © Elsevier

A. Sohaib, A. R. Farooq, G. A. Atkinson, L. N. Smith, M. L. Smith and R. Warr. In vivo measurement of skin microrelief using photometric stereo in the presence of interreflections. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 30:278-286. © OSA

S. Zafeiriou, G. A. Atkinson, M. F. Hansen, W. A. P. Smith, V. Argyriou, M. Petrou, M. L. Smith and L. N. Smith. Face Recognition and Verification using Photometric Stereo: The Photoface Database and a Comprehensive Evaluation. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. 8:121-135. © IEEE

2012

R. D. Wedowski, G. A. Atkinson, M. L. Smith and L. N. Smith. Dynamic deflectometry: A novel approach for the on-line reconstruction of specular freeform surfaces. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 50:1765-1778, December 2012. © Elsevier

S. N. Kautkar, G. A. Atkinson and M. L. Smith. Face recognition in 2D and 2.5D using ridgelets and photometric stereo. Pattern Recognition. 45:3317-3327, September 2012. © Elsevier

R. F. V. Saracchini, J. Stolfi, H. C. G. Leitão, G. A. Atkinson and M. L. Smith. A robust multi-scale integration method to obtain the depth from gradient maps. Computer Vision and Image Understanding. 116:882-895, August 2012. © Elsevier

Z. Liu, J. Sun, L. N. Smith, M. L. Smith and R. Warr. Distribution quantification on dermoscopy images for computer-assisted diagnosis of cutaneous melanomas. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing. 50:503-513, 2012. © Springer

R. D. Wedowski, G. A. Atkinson, M. L. Smith and L. N. Smith. A system for the dynamic industrial inspection of specular freeform surfaces. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 50:632-644, 2012. © Elsevier

2011

Gary A. Atkinson and Melvyn L. Smith. "Using Photometric Stereo for Face Recognition". International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology. 3:35-44, 2011. © SERSC

L. N. Smith, M. L. Smith, A. R. Farooq, J. Sun, Y. Ding, R. Warr, "Machine vision 3D skin texture analysis for detection of melanoma", Invited paper, published, Sensor Review, 31:111-119, 2011.

Z. Liu, J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith and R. P. Warr. Unsupervised sub-segmentation for pigmented skin lesions, Skin Research and Technology. 2011. © Wiley

S. Zafeiriou, M. F. Hansen, G. A. Atkinson, V. Argyriou, M. Petrou, M. L. Smith and L. N. Smith. The PhotoFace Database. In. Proc. Biometrics Workshop of Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA.  pp. 132-139, 2011.

2010

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, A. Farooq and L. N. Smith. Counter Camouflage through the Removal of Reflectance, IEEE Int'l Conf. Machine Vision, Hong Kong, China 2010.

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith and A. Farooq. Compensation of Illumination Radiance in Photometric Stereo, IEEE Int'l Conf. Machine Vision, Hong Kong, China 2010.

K. Emrith, M.J. Chantler, P. R. Green, M. L. Smith and L. N. Smith. Human subjectivity to apparent randomness of surface textures. In Proc. CIE Expert Symposium on Appearance, Gent, Belgium, 2010.

R. F. V. Saracchini, J. Stolfi, H. C. G. Leitão, G. A. Atkinson, and M.L. Smith. Multi-Scale Depth from Slope with Weights. In. Proc. British Machine Vision Conference. pp. 40.1-40.12. Aberystwyth, Wales, UK 2010. © BMVA

Z. Liu, J. Sun, L. N. Smith and M. L. Smith. An Automated Mean-shift based Segmentation for Pigmented Skin Lesions. In Proc. Medical Image Understanding and Analysis (MIUA), Warwick, UK 2010. © BMVA

Ding Y, Smith L, Smith M, Sun J and Warr R, "A computer assisted diagnosis system for malignant melanoma using 3D skin surface texture features and artificial neural network", International Journal of Identification, Modelling and Control 9:370-381, 2010. © Inder Science

Mark F. Hansen, Gary A. Atkinson, Lyndon N. Smith and Melvyn L. Smith. "3D face reconstructions from photometric stereo using near infrared and visible light". Computer Vision and Image Understanding 114:942-951, 2010. © Elsevier

Gary A. Atkinson, Melvyn L. Smith, Lyndon N. Smith and Robert P. Warr. "Correlating plagiocephaly skull deformations with facial asymmetry using projected pattern 3D imaging". In Proc. Biomedical Engineering. pp. 249-256. Innsbruck, Austria. © IASTED

2009

Adrian Moorhouse, Adrian N. Evans, Gary A. Atkinson, Juiai Sun and Melvyn L. Smith. "The nose on your face may not be so plain: using the nose as a biometric". In Proc. International Conference on Imaging for Crime Detection and Prevention. Kingston-Upon-Thames, London, UK. © IET

Y. Zhou, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith and R. Warr, "Using Differential Forms to Characterize 3D Surface of Skin Cancer in Vivo". 12th World Congress on Cancers of the Skin. Tel Aviv, Israel, 2009.

Gary A. Atkinson, Melvyn L. Smith, Lyndon N. Smith and Abdul R. Farooq. Facial geometry estimation using photometric stereo and profile views. In Proc. International Conference on Biometrics . pp. 1-11. University of Sassari, Sardinia, Italy. © Springer

Gary A. Atkinson, Abdul R. Farooq, Melvyn L. Smith and Lyndon N. Smith. Facial reconstruction and alignment using photometric stereo and surface fitting. In Proc. Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis . pp. 88-95. Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal 2009. © Springer

Yi Ding, Lyndon Smith, Melvyn Smith, Jiuai Sun and Robert Warr, "Obtaining malignant melanoma indicators through statistical analysis of 3D skin surface disruptions", Skin Research and Technology 15(3), 262-270, June 2009. © Blackwell Munksgaard

2008

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith, L. Coutts, R. Dabis, C. Harland, J. Bamber, "Reflectance of human skin using colour photometric stereo - with particular application to pigmented lesion analysis," Skin Research and Technology 14:173-179, 2008. © Blackwell Munksgaard

E. Pitschke, M. Schinhaerl, R. Rascher, P. Sperber, L.N. Smith, R. Stamp, M.L. Smith, "Simulation of a complex optical polishing process using neural networks," Computer-integrated Manufacturing, 24:32-37, 2008. © Permagon

2007

J.R.J. Lee, M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, "A new approach to the three-dimensional quantification of angularity using image analysis of the size and form of coarse aggregates," Engineering Geology, 91:254-264, 2007. © Elsevier

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith, A Farooq, "Examining the uncertainty of the recovered surface normal in three light photometric stereo," Image and Vision Computing Special Issue on Computer Vision Applications 25:1073-1079, 2007. © Elsevier

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith, S. Midha, J. Bamber, "Object surface recovery using a multi-light photometric stereo technique," Image and Vision Computing Special Issue on Computer Vision Applications, 25:1050-1057, 2007. © Elsevier

2006

R. Kumar, P. S. Midha, "An intelligent web-based expert system for analysing a company’s PDM requirements," International Journal of Product Life Cycle Management, 1:230-248, 2006. © Inderscience

E. Pitschke, M. Schinhaerl, P. Sperber, R. Rascher, R. Stamp, M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, L, "Correlation between influence-function quality and predictability of a computer-controlled polishing process," Optical Engineering, 45:063401, 2006. © SPIE

2005

M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, "Dynamic Photometric Stereo - A New Technique for Moving Surface Analysis," Image and Vision Computing 23:841-852, 2005. © Elsevier Listed in "Science Direct's Top 25 Hottest Articles"

L.N. Smith, M.L. Smith, "Automatic Machine Vision Calibration using Statistical and Neural Network Methods," Image and Vision Computing, 23:887-899, 2005. © Elsevier Listed in "Science Direct's Top 25 Hottest Articles"

J.R.J. Lee, M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, P.S. Midha, "Robust and Efficient Automated Detection of Tooling Defects in Polished Stone," Computers in Industry 56:787-801, 2005. © Elsevier

J.R.J. Lee, M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, P.S. Midha, "A Mathematical Morphology Approach to Image Based 3D Particle Shape Analysis," Machine Vision Applications,16:282-288, 2005. © Springer

J. Sun, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith, L-P. Nolte, "Simulation of an optical sensing technique for tracking surgical tools employed in computer-assisted interventions," IEEE Sensors Journal, 5:1127-1131, 2005. © IEEE

A. R. Farooq, M. L. Smith, L. N. Smith and P. S. Midha, "Dynamic photometric stereo for on line quality control of ceramic tiles," Computers in Industry – Special Edition on Machine Vision 56:918-934, 2005. © Elsevier

2004

R. Kumar, P.S. Midha, "An objective approach for identifying the strategic components of a PDM system," Industrial Management and Data Systems, 104:56-67, 2004. © Emerald Group

2003

A.R. Farooq, M.L. Smith, L.N. Smith, P.S. Midha, "An analysis of the effects of distributed light sources for surface gradient recovery using reflectance maps and computer simulation", International Journal for Manufacturing Science and Production, vol 5:33-36, 2003.

Patent applications

M.L. Smith and L.N. Smith (inventors), "Infra-red photometric stereo," WO03/012412A2. This was published on 13/02/2003 and entered the national/regional phase in US (US20040256557) and EPO (EP1410003). Filed July 2001.

M.L. Smith and L.N. Smith (inventors), "An overhead dimensioning system and method," WO03/002935A1. This was published on 09/01/2003 and is currently being prosecuted in US (US20040240754) Europe (EP1402230A) and Canada (CA2451659). Assigned to Square D Company. Filed June 2001

T. S. Helgason, J. A. Benediktsson, A. T. Möller, T. Þorgeirsson, J. Pilz, V. Hofer, M. L. Smith, J. Lee, (inventors), "Apparatus and method for analysis of size, form and angularity and for compositional analysis of mineral and rock particles." This was published as WO06027802A1 on 16/03/2006. This family is now being prosecuted in Mexico, USA, Canada (CA2579553), China, Japan, Europe (through EPO - EP1789783) and Eurasia (through Eurasian Patent Office). Assigned to Petromodel Ehf. Filed in September 2004.

Books

L.N. Smith, A Knowledge-based System for Powder Metallurgy Techology, Professional Engineering Publishing, ISBN 9781860584022, 174 pages, 2003.

M.L. Smith, Surface Inspection Techniques - Using the integration of innovative machine vision and graphical modelling techniques, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, ISBN 1-86058-292-3, 256 pages, 2006.

Chapters in books

M.L. Smith and L.N. Smith, "Polished Stone Surface Inspection using machine vision", in P.S. Midha (ed), Complementary Technologies for Stone Processing, OSNET, 33 pages, 2004

M.L. Smith and L.N. Smith, "Machine vision inspection", in Xipend Xu (ed), Machining of Natural Stone, Trans. Tech. Publishing, ISBN 0-87849-927-X, 306 pages, 2003.

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