Centre for Employment Studies Research - CESR

CESR Review: July 2012

Articles by CESR members

pdf logoDemographic Changes: Conflict in Germany - Two important demographic trends for advanced industrialised nations are: rapidly ageing populations and falling birth rates. These shifts are expected to lead to a rise in the average age of workforces and a long-term decline in the size of the working population. Demographic change, as a topic, has increasingly gained currency in recent years, especially since 2012 has been designated the European Year for Active Ageing by the European Commission.  The European Commission has stated that the aims of their initiative are to improve working conditions and increase labour market participation for older people. However, these aims must be placed within the wider political-economic context of the global financial/economic crisis or, to be more sceptical, alongside a European-wide dismantling of the welfare state. Dr Hilary Drew

pdf logo The employment relationship and public policy: From Donovan to Beecroft – parody and tragedy after 45 years? - This article examines the significance and implications of the Beecroft Report, a report on employment law and regulation published in May 2012, for the future conduct of the employment relationship in the 21st Century. Whilst many might regard the report’s sixteen pages and the eighty or so unnumbered paragraphs as intellectually light weight, it has attracted considerable comment and attention within the political community and amongst leading players from the field of industrial relations. In addition it appears to have informed the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill, either openly or surreptitiously, and has been a reference point for both Left and Right in the debate on that bill as reported in Hansard. Anthony Fenley

pdf logo Greece: The economic crisis and the brain drain - Without a doubt, a main focus of the headlines in global media over the past two years has been the economic crisis in Greece, and the 'bail-outs' supported by EU, IMF and ECB. In exchange for financial support, the population has been subjected to unprecedented austerity measures and paradigm changes in many areas of economic and business life. In spite of these drastic and abrupt measures, however, there has been little success in tackling the escalating sovereign debt, whilst the quality of life and social welfare have plummeted, and unemployment skyrocketed. Within this climate a growing propensity has emerged, particularly amongst young and talented Greeks, to seek employment and a new life abroad, effectively, inaugurating what is becoming known as the ‘Greek Brain Drain’ Vlasios Sarantinos

pdf logoWhat constitutes employability in the eyes of employers? - Universities are under ever-greater pressure to provide students with the means by which to access graduate-level employment by equipping them with the skills, knowledge and attributes required by employers and the ability to convey their possession. For many vocational degree programmes, work placements as part of a sandwich programme of study have long been a cornerstone of the process of preparing students for the labour market. Whilst recent evidence has pointed towards the declining take-up of work placements among students, and a reduction in the availability of placements provided by employers, the ‘placement year’ is likely to remain a strong feature of undergraduate ‘employability’ provision, retaining a recognisable currency both for employers and students, despite the proliferation of alternative means by which students can acquire meaningful work experience. Subsequently, universities continue to invest heavily in efforts to improve the provision of, and preparation of students for, work placements. However, employers continue to bemoan the (lack of) work-readiness of recent graduates and recent research questions the assumption of improved employment outcomes for placement students compared to their non-placement peers. Therefore, a proper understanding of the relationship between work experience, the development of individual employability and labour market attainment would seem more critical than ever. Dr Nick Wilton

pdf logoTrade unions and gender equality in the workplace: Case-based evidence from the UK - This paper reports on a project which focuses on the role of UK trade unions in promoting gender equality in the workplace. Previous research indicates that trade unions can play an important role in advancing gender equality but that, in practice, progress so far has been relatively limited. Survey research reveals that the contribution of trade unions to translating equal opportunities into effective workplace practices has so far been modest (Hoque and Noon 2004; Heery 2006; Walsh 2007). The key question addressed by this research is: Why has progress towards the implementation of equality measures been so slow, even in unionised workplaces? In particular, it explores the specific strategies pursued by UK unions to translate equal opportunities polices into practices, examines how gender equality is articulated into the bargaining agenda and explores the difficulties faced by unions in achieving better gender equality outcomes in substantive matters such as pay and career advancement. Dr Isabel Tavora

pdf logoThe British Suffragette Movement: The history of feminist thought Part I. The development of wide-ranging and conceptual feminist frameworks - In the early years of the Twentieth Century women were oppressed in many ways. The denial of the vote was both a manifestation, and a cause, of their oppression. But women were far from passive recipients of this oppression. Two main campaigning societies emerged to challenge the status quo: the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) and the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU). These societies dominated the suffrage movements between 1905 and 1914. It seems fair to speculate that the activities of the women in these societies has shaped the modern agenda for women and without their efforts the lives of women today would be far worse. The participation of women in society and political life had been, and continued to be, severely restricted during both the Victorian and Edwardian eras.  This was due primarily, to the existence of patriarchal systems and, for many women active in these two groups, class relations. Lin Lovell

pdf logoReflections on Police Services Leadership: In Conversation with Lord Dear, Dr John Neugebauer

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