Centre for Employment Studies Research

CESR Review: April 2008

Articles by CESR members:

The Experience of Vulnerable and Unorganised Workers, Anna Pollert, CESR

Article: The issue of ‘vulnerable employment’ has gained prominence in government discourse in the wake of tragedies, such as the drowning of eighteen exploited Chinese migrant cockle-pickers in Morecambe Bay in February 2004.

The Role of Front Line Managers in Bringing Policies to Life, Sue Hutchinson, CESR

Article: Front line managers play a critical role in influencing employee attitudes and behaviours by the way in which they translate people management policies into practice, and can be vital in making the difference between low performing and high performing organisations.

Connecting Senior Women (CSW), Sue Durbin & John Neugebauer, CESR

Article: The challenges facing women in progressing to senior and top management roles have been well researched. Senior management is an area of employment where gender segregation is pronounced and where women are poorly represented and often exist as ‘tokens’ in a predominantly male environment. Despite the numbers of women in paid work being almost equal to that of men, this has not resulted in a significant increase in the numbers of women in senior management positions in the UK.

Higher education, the ‘knowledge economy’ and ‘knowledge workers’: does current education policy make sense? Nick Wilton, CESR

Article: The UK higher education (HE) system has undergone a major transformation over the past three decades from a system that catered for an elite group of entrants in the late 1960s and early 1970s to one that now aims to provide tertiary education to half the population of 18 year olds.

State Intervention and the abolition of the National Dock Labour Scheme: The Bristol experience, Mike Richardson, CESR

Article: Now and again certain key industrial disputes serve as a reminder that the state not only plays a central role in struggles between capital and labour, but that its interventions tend to be heavily biased towards employers. One such dispute concerned the abolition of the National Dock Labour Scheme (NDLS) in 1989, and the return of casual employment.

Career Growth among Men in Mid-Life and Beyond: Self-Actualisers, Career-Builders, Coasters and Grafters, Mike Clark (CESR) and John Arnold (Loughborough University)

Article: Hardly a day goes by without a mention in the news, professional press or academia of the employment challenges posed by ageing populations. Strange, then, that reports on the career experiences of older employees, a steadily growing number, are few and far between.

"We can't join a union, that would harm the horses": Worker resistance in the UK horseracing industry, Janet Winters, CESR

Article: To the extent that the UK horseracing industry, and those that work in it, get a mention in the media, it is usually to highlight the life styles of top jockeys, trainers and owners, or to delve into drug abuse and corruption. Moreover, the UK horseracing industry, and those that work in it, rarely get a mention in the kind of academic journals that scholars of employment relations, typically, read. And yet researching the working lives of UK stable staff, reveals interesting tensions in the ways in they are able/unable to resist the demands of capital in the small business sector.


Invited articles:

Equal Opportunities, Segregation and Gender Based Wage Differences at a Swedish University, Lena Gonäs, Ann Bergman and Jan Ch. Karlsson, University of Karlstad, Sweden

Article: In Sweden, the Equal Opportunities Act (EOA) promotes gender balance as the way forward for organisations wishing to pursue the goal of gender equality. This extends to strategies for fighting wage differences, where the imbalanced proportion of women and men is seen as one of the important sources of inequality to target. The reality is, however, a little different.


Interview:

Action Research in Action: The experience of Polish migrant workers, Andy Danford, CESR

Interview: Migrant workers, especially those from the accession countries and Poland in particular, seem to make the news with alarming regularity. It appears that when they are not being lauded for their ‘work ethic’, or being held up as the solution to British labour and skills shortages, they are being pilloried for ‘stealing our jobs’.


Book reviews:

McAdams, Dan P. (2006) The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans live by
&
Clinton, Bill (2007) Giving: How each of us can change the world.
‘When I left the White House, I didn’t know exactly what I would do, but I wanted to help save lives, solve important problems, and give more young people the chance to live their dreams.’ In these words from the introduction to his book on Giving, Bill Clinton gives classic expression to Erik Erikson’s notion of ‘generativity’, middle aged people’s desire to contribute to the well-being of future generations.
Read Mike Clark's review
Walby, S., Gottfried, H., Gottschall, K. and Osawa, M. (eds.) (2007) Gendering the Knowledge Economy: comparative perspectives.
Gendering the Knowledge Economy brings together an international team of scholars engaged in research on globalisation, gender, flexibility and work transformation (GLOW). The chapters in the book represent key aspects of the current work of the GLOW network members, who collaborate on topics related to gender, the knowledge economy and new employment forms in a global context.
Read Sue Durbin's review

Acker, Joan (2006) Class Questions, Feminist Answers.

In Class Questions, Feminist Answers Joan Acker, takes up an issue that has long troubled social scientists, namely, how to synthesise the analysis of class, gender and race. What makes this especially important for students of work and employment is that, central to her arguments, are issues relating to labour (paid and unpaid) and the role of business organizations in maintaining what she calls an ‘inequality regime’, defined as: ‘the configuration of inequality-producing practices and processes within particular organizations at particular times’
Read Steve Fleetwood's review

Links to a selection of journals and websites for employment studies research can be accessed from here

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CESR Links:

Contact:

CESR
Bristol Business School
University of the West of England
Frenchay Campus
Coldharbour Lane
Bristol
BS16 1QY
Tel +44 (0) 117 328 3435

Email: stella.warren@uwe.ac.uk

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